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Canal & The Society

The Suez Canal ’s role is not confined to servicing the world trade. It goes beyond that to serve the Canal Zone community ...

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Canal Treaties & Decrees

Nationalization Law

In the Name of the Nation, the President of the Republic, considering decree as follows:

Article I:

The Suez Maritime Canal Company, S.A.E. is nationalized. All money, rights and obligations of the company are transferred to the State. All organizations and committees now operating the company are dissolved. Shareholders and holders of constituent shares shall be compensated in accordance with the value of the shares on the Paris Stock Market on the day preceding the enforcement of this law.
Payment of compensation shall take place immediately the State receives all the assets and property of the nationalized company.

Article II:

The management of the Suez Canal traffic utility will be in the hands of an independent body enjoying juristic personality and attached to the Ministry of Commerce. The formation of said body and the amount of copensation to be paid to its members shall be determined by order of the President of the Republic. The body will be invested with all the powers necessary for the proper management of the utility.
Without prejudice to the control of the Audit Department over the balance sheet, said body shall have an independent budget whose preparation shall be in accordance with commercial principles. The budget shall commence on July 1st and end on June 30th of every year. The budget and balance sheet shall be sanctioned by a decree of the President of the Republic. The first budget shall commence on the date this law comes into operation and end on June 30th, 1957. Said board can delegate one or more of its members to execute its decisions or perform any duty assigned to him.
It is also permissible to form from among its members the technical committees to help carry out research work as well as, undertake the study of major issues.
Said board shall be represented before the courts, the government and other authorities by its Chairman.

Article III:

The money and property of the nationalized company in Egypt and abroad are frozen. Banks, organizations and individuals are prohibited from disposing of same in any manner except by order of the board mentioned in Article II.

Article IV:

Said board shall retain all the employees and workers of the nationalized company. They will continue performing their duties and none can leave his work or give it up in any manner or for any reason except with the permission of the Authority mentioned in Article III.

Article V:

Any contravention of Article III is punishable with imprisonment and a fine equal to three times the value of the money in question. Every contravention of Article IV shall be punishable with imprisonment in addition to denying the person concerned any right to compensation, pension or end of service gratuity.

Article VI:

This decree shall be published in the Official Gazette, and will have the force of law from the day it is published. The Minister of Commerce is empowered to issue the necessary executor orders.
This decree shall bear the seal of the State and be executed as one of its laws.

26th. of July, 1956.

( Gamal Abdel Nasser )


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Canal History
13th century BCE

13th century BCE, A canal is constructed between the Nile Delta and the Red Sea. For the following centuries, the canal was only partially maintained...


1854, By a French initiative, the viceroy of Egypt, Said Pasha, decides for a project to build a canal from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea...


1858, La Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez is formed to construct the canal.

17 Nov 1869

17 Nov 1869, With great splendour, the canal is opened for navigation. Dimensions were 22 metre in bottom width, 58 metre in surface width, and a depth of 8 metres...

2 Mar 1888

2 Mar 1888, The Convention of Constantinople guaranteed right of passage of all ships through the Suez Canal during war and peace...

13 Jun 1956

13 Jun 1956, Suez Canal Zone restored to Egypt.
26 Jul 1956, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal.

5 Jun 1975

5 Jun 1975, Suez Canal reopened...

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Egypt Gate

Egyptian Official Sites

Tourism Information

Places, directions, travel co. and more.

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