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Canal & The Society

The Suez Canal ’s role is not confined to servicing the world trade. It goes beyond that to serve the Canal Zone community ...

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Vessel Traffic Management System(VTMS)

Suez Canal Authority always aims to achieve the safety of transiting ships through the Suez Canal. 

With a view to securing the highest standards of safety to vessels passing through the Canal, SCA stepped forward to execute a giant project to upgrade VTMS in order to keep up with the latest technological developments. The project conforms to the international regulations stipulated by the International Maritime organization (IMO) concerning the system of traffic in navigational channels.

Targets:

    • Increasing the standards of safety of vessels transiting the Canal through various networks covering and monitoring all vessels while arriving at the approaches or ports and while transiting the Canal.
    • Monitoring vessels before arriving the ports "Port-Said and Port Tewfik" by a predefined distance, and gives an automatic announcement of arrival time of all vessels getting into the waiting area.
    • Monitoring all the vessels transiting the Canal to calculate average speed, separation distance, passage time at signal stations.
    • Consolidating the trust of our clients, the International Chamber of Shipping and the world maritime organizations in the safety of transit and the outstanding performance of the Suez Canal Authority.
    • Participating in environment protection by decreasing the number of accidents in the Canal and dealing with them in the proper way in case they occur.
     
    How To Achieve Targets:
     
    • SCA has three centers to control the marine traffic all over the canal: in Port-said, Port-Tewfik and the main control center in Ismailia, also relying on various sensors networks, as well as navigational aids, which have been distributed along the waterway, which is used in the follow-up of ships and display the timing of vessels across the stations.
    • Communications between control centers and all sensors along the canal are achieved by a huge fiber network.

    VTMS Sensors:

    Radar Net:  

    • The network offers complete and accurate radar coverage along the Canal and 40 km away from the harbors of Port Said and Suez.
    • Each radar has main and standby equipment and power sources.
    • Each radar is equipped with a remote control via the network to convey command and status signals plus alarms between the remote site and the operation center.
    AIS Network:

    Suez Canal has a network of receivers for automatic identification signals, AIS receivers has been located carefully to achieve the desired coverage of the channel as well as the approaching vessels zones for a distance of 30 km from the ports of Port Said and Suez.

    CCTV:

    • Suez Canal has a network of 19 CCTV cameras along the canal, Our Laser cameras are night vision cameras work in complete darkness, with a range-gated intensified camera for night surveillance and two color sensors for day operation.
    • The CCTV system is integrated with the radar system in our VTMS, as the camera can be directed to the target from the radar screen directly to enable a complete vision by radar video and real camera video.
    • The video stream is recorded for further evidence or analysis.

    Meteorological & Signal stations:

    Suez Canal has 16 stations along the canal, in each station there is an integrated system to display the lists of passing ships and the timing of their arrival and passing in front of Guidance stations, as well as meteorology and navigational data on the state board to be displayed for all vessels across the station.  as well as sensors for measuring meteorological status "Wind (speed and direction) - visibility - tides and current direction" and this data is sent  to the main server of Meteorology and operating control center in Ismailia, in addition to display data on a digital devices inside the station.

    Control Centers (in Port-Said, Ismailia, Port-Tewfik)

    It is considered the backbone of the VTMS where all external sites outputs can be poured through it in addition to control the traffic along the canal:

    • Control the radars net via fiber optic cables which transfer operating data and alarms from different sites to be stored and analyzed to create the decision.
    • The radar video is displayed inside the control centers on Suez Canal electronic chart in S57 format, in addition to mobile data as marine units which appear in digitized raw video with a vector resembling speed and direction.
    • Radar system is integrated with CCTV system, so we can follow a target by radar as long as by camera from the radar video display.
    • Radar video display has different functions; zoom, off-centering, range scale, position in latitude and longitude or Canal kilometric signs. It can also calculate expected time of arrival and time-position of intersection. It displays all alarms with audio and video alert, in case of over or under speed, out of anchorage area.
    • Panoramic Displays are located in Ismailia Center and consist of 10 adjacent displays showing overall view of the SC electronic map and the main marine features. They show all the automatically tracked marine units in the Canal approaches and waiting areas
    • Radar video, tracks and camera video are recorded and can be played back on the radar video displays.
    • In control center the camera video can be displayed on separate monitors or on the radar display monitors, Radar and camera videos are already integrated to follow a specific target on the same time.
    • AIS network also has its recordings and can be played back for a specific period.

Canal History
13th century BCE

13th century BCE, A canal is constructed between the Nile Delta and the Red Sea. For the following centuries, the canal was only partially maintained...

1854

1854, By a French initiative, the viceroy of Egypt, Said Pasha, decides for a project to build a canal from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea...

1858

1858, La Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez is formed to construct the canal.

17 Nov 1869

17 Nov 1869, With great splendour, the canal is opened for navigation. Dimensions were 22 metre in bottom width, 58 metre in surface width, and a depth of 8 metres...

2 Mar 1888

2 Mar 1888, The Convention of Constantinople guaranteed right of passage of all ships through the Suez Canal during war and peace...

13 Jun 1956

13 Jun 1956, Suez Canal Zone restored to Egypt.
26 Jul 1956, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal.

5 Jun 1975

5 Jun 1975, Suez Canal reopened...

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Egypt Gate

Egyptian Official Sites

Tourism Information

Places, directions, travel co. and more.

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